Free Turntable Cartridge Alignment Protractors and Strobe Discs

In This Series

Below are some downloadable PDF arc protractors, used to align a cartridge to various standard null radii. Be sure to choose a protractor that matches your arm or turntable, as the accuracy of these protractors relies on the pivot to spindle distance being correct. You’ll also want to print the protractors to scale, which you can verify by measuring the provided points on the protractor.

Which Protractor?

There are 2 popular alignment families, known as Baerwald (or Lofgren A) and Stevenson. The 2 alignment geometries are calculated to minimise tracking error and distortion. Lofgren A or Baerwald alignment spreads the distortion across the surface of the record, resulting in the lowest average distortion figures. Stevenson alignments are optimised for zero tracking distortion in the lead out groove of the record at the expense of slightly higher distortion everywhere else. In reality the distortion figures are so low as to be of little issue. If your turntable manufacturer specifies an alignment, it is best to stick with their recommendation. If not, a Lofgren A protractor usually offers the best performance across a majority of LP records.

Technics 1200, Technics Alignment

This protractor will align a cartridge to the factory Technics alignment, the same that is achieved when using the supplied overhang gauge. This protractor offers an extremely accurate way to align your cartridge using the Technics null radii of 58.8 and 113.5MM, resulting in an overhang of 15MM and an offset angle of 22 degrees, exactly as specified by Technics. When aligned, your cartridge body should be parallel to the headshell, with the distance between the tip of the stylus and the rubber washer at the rear of the headshell exactly 52MM.

Technics 1200 Protractor

Technics Lofgren A (Baerwald) Protractor

Another protractor for the Technics, this time aligning to the Lofgren A or Baerwald alignment, with IEC standard null points of 66 and 120.9MM. When aligned, the cartridge will sit further forward in the headshell, angled slightly inwards. This alignment offers less RMS and peak distortion than the factory Technics alignment, though you may find the difference to be subtle at best. I prefer the Technics alignment. This protractor will work with any tonearm with a mounting distance of 215MM.

Technics Lofgren A Protractor

Rega Lofgren A (Baerwald) Protractor

A Lofgren A protractor for Rega arms mounted at 222MM, aligning to the IEC standard null points of 66 and 120.9MM. Most Rega arms follow the 222MM mounting standard, including the RB300, 301, 303, 330, 808, 2000 and many others.

Rega Lofgren A Arc Protractor

Universal 2-Point Protractor

A universal protractor can be found at and is a simple 2-point protractor which can be used with virtually any cartridge combination to achieve a baerwald alignment. While a little crude, this protractor works well if you don’t know the specific pivot to spindle mounting distance of your turntable and if your turntable wasn’t provided with an alignment gauge.

Other Protractors

Other protractors can be downloaded from the Vinyl Engine. The vinyl engine also hosts a database of nearly every turntable, cartridge and tonearm ever manufactured along with their specifications and in many cases both instruction and technical manuals, as well as a range of tools for calculating optimal cartridge alignment, tonearm mounting position and tonearm / cartridge resonant frequency.

Creating Your Own

If you know the pivot to spindle distance if your arm, creating your own protractor is a simple task. This Arc Template Generator will calculate an arc protractor like those above based on your tonearm mounting distance, desired null radii and any of the 3 common alignment families.

Strobe Discs

These discs will allow you to check the speed of your turntable. Again, they should be printed to scale, and be sure to use the disc suitable for the electricity supply in your country (50Hz in the UK). Better results can be attained using the Turntabulator app for iOS.

This article is part of our Guide to Turntables and Vinyl series. Continue reading: Part 14, Addendums, glossary of terms and Conclusions.

By Ashley

I founded Audio Appraisal a few years ago and continue to regularly update it with fresh content. An avid vinyl collector and coffee addict, I can often be found at a workbench tinkering with a faulty electronic device, tweaking a turntable to extract the last bit of detail from those tiny grooves in the plastic stuff, or relaxing in front of the hi-fi with a good album. A musician, occasional producer and sound engineer, other hobbies include software programming, web development, long walks and occasional DIY. Follow @ashleycox2


  1. Hi Ashley,
    A very comprehensive article sir. May I enquire if you are aware of, or can comment on, a (new-to-me) protractor called the Polaris.
    I have just forced myself to come to terms with paying for this protractor, as an alternative to utilising the downloadable freebies on Vinyl Engine.
    I have been unable to ascertain it’s associated null points, which.don’t appear to have been published thus far.

    1. Interesting article Here. I doubt very much that it is the ‘definitive’ protractor as Russ Andrews claim as there is no such thing. If you really want to delve into alignment further, measure your records to find the optimal null points and use Conrad Hoffman’s template generator to generate your own arc protractors. There’s lots of info on Vinyl Asylum including spreadsheets and formula to help you find the correct figures. Personally I have already been there, done this and then reverted to the alignment intended for the arm.

      1. Hi Ashley; Following unsatisfactory trials of various protractor downloads from Vinyl Engine, including those with my own measurements, I purchased and tried the Polaris alignment and found it to provide the result you thought it would, ‘just OK’. I then followed your example and revisited the Origin Live protractor as provided with their tonearm, and discovered that shown more respect, time and attention than I admit it received the first time, it rewarded me with sounding “just right” – thanks for the heads-up!

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